Five Belarusian opposition leaders have appealed for EU help to restart internal talks on democratic reform.
They said, in an open letter to the heads of the EU institutions on Friday (30 October), the bloc should use its leverage on president Alexander Lukashenko to restart round-table talks, mothballed in 1999.
Opposition leaders says Lukashenko needs the EU more than ever (Photo: Amnesty International)
They said the “negotiation process”, which should include mediators from the OSCE, the Vienna-based rights watchdog, and from EU bodies, could “broaden the area of freedom” for reformists.
They also urged the EU to push for changes in Belarus parliamentary elections next year, for instance, by getting Lukashenko to let opposition delegates sit on electoral commissions and by securing an “open and transparent” vote count.
The letter came after the EU, also on Friday, suspended, for four months, its visa ban and asset freeze on Lukashenko’s nomenklatura.
The EU did it because he freed political prisoners and because there was no new crackdown after last month’s presidential vote.
But the five opposition chiefs — Sergei Kalyakin, Anatoly Liabedzka, Vladimir Neklayev, Pavel Severinets, and Nikolai Statkevich — said the EU re-engagment causes “concerns” because it isn’t conditional on strengthening civil society.
They said Lukashenko’s line — that Europe needs him to protect Belarus from Russian revanchism — is just a “tool to keep power”.
They noted that if he restarts the 1999 process and enacts electoral reform, the EU should “abolish” the visa bans.
They also noted he needs Western money more than ever because the Belarusian economy is in “crisis” amid a “considerable reduction” in Russian subsidies.
Two other opposition leaders — Alexander Milinkevich and Tatsiana Karatkevich — didn’t sign the letter.
Milinkevich is, reportedly, to leave politics.
But Karatkevich — the only reformist allowed to run against Lukashenko in October’s presidential vote — didn’t sign because she has a different programme.
She told EUobserver in a recent interview that her model of “constructive opposition” aims to improve ordinary people’s lives, for instance, by electoral and police reform, instead of pushing for democratic transition.
She aims to appeal to a new constituency — family people in the 25 to 55 age range — who never before took an interest in politics and who have no faith in anti-Lukashenko street rallies.
“We [the opposition] have to adapt to this mood in society, to learn from our mistakes, and to come up a with a new, more positive strategy”, she said.
Her top aide, Andrei Dmitriev, added: “Now isn’t the time to call for mass protests … People are tired of fighting [the regime] with no result, so we’re trying to find another way”.
Some Belarusian activists don’t believe in either model.
«Lukashenko will never agree to anything that will eliminate him», one contact, who asked not to be named, told this website.
«The EU cannot knock on his door, hand him a gun and say: ‘Here, Mr. President, please be so kind as to shoot yourself in the name of democracy’. Free elections will take place in Belarus only after Lukashenko».
Buffer or partner?
But for his part, Petras Austrevicius, a liberal MEP from Lithuania who works closely with Belarus dissidents, endorsed the round-table idea.
“These brave and dedicated people, real patriots … are now vocal about the future of Belarus and we must listen to their voice. Otherwise, this [EU] policy of ‘re-engagement’ is going to be built on fake foundations”, he told this website.
Echoing the letter’s concern — that the EU is willing to prop up Lukashenko to contain Russia — he added: “Throughout history, we know how ‘buffer states’ end — by being invaded, occupied, divided, or annexed”.
«To me, Belarus is an eastern partner of the EU — a very complicated one, with a lot of shortcomings, but still a partner».